九州娱乐网 林书豪祝贺易建联重返NBA!亚洲力量的摩擦共鸣?体育

  易建联重返NBA的新闻近期占据各路媒体的头版,而在易建联与洛杉矶湖人队正式签约后,华裔球员林书豪也迅速发声恭喜易建联。自姚明退役后,九州娱乐网,易建联和林书豪自然成为亚洲势力在NBA的代表人物,但是他们两人的职业生涯去呈现截然相反的走势。

  易建联的职业生涯堪称高开低走,他以首轮六号秀的身份踏足联盟,凭借出类拔萃的身体天赋引发美媒的热捧。但在联盟沉浮数个赛季后,他终究还是跌出轮换阵容,带着满身荣耀登陆联盟,又带着满脸沧桑回到故乡。而林书豪的职业生涯却与易建联截然不同,身为落选秀的林书豪起初只能混迹于联盟底层,但始终都咬牙硬撑的他终于在纽约迎来爆发良机,缔造“林疯狂”的励志奇迹,足球彩票,一举成名天下知,并在联盟彻底站稳脚跟,九州娱乐网

  2010-2011和2011-2012赛季他们同在联盟效力,但彼时他们的境况都相对糟糕,不过相较于颠沛流离的林书豪,电影下载线上看网站,易建联起码还能在板凳席拥有自己的位置。但随后两人之间的天平逐渐倾斜,足球比赛网站,林书豪于2012年凭借“林疯狂”迅速崛起,而易建联则掉出球队的轮换阵容,彩票网注册送彩金,成为可有可无的边缘人物,可即便如此,举步维艰的易建联还是由衷地向林书豪送上祝福。如今,林书豪以同样的祝福迎接易建联的回归,真人澳门百家乐,将两人之间惺惺相惜的情谊推向舆论高潮。

  如林书豪所言:“恭喜易建联,这是他应得的!”易建联能够如愿重返NBA,所凭借的都是他自己的勤奋与努力。与林书豪相同,易建联在陷落低谷时不言放弃,一步一个脚印地朝着正确的方向前行,在线赌博网站,终于摆脱了身后的阴暗,看到了尽头的曙光。下赛季,愿林书豪与易建联能够携手向世界展现出不容忽视的亚洲力量。

在线赌博网站 收评:港股恒指收涨2.32% 博彩股走势强劲 港股

热点栏目 资金流向 千股千评 个股诊断 最新评级 模拟交易 客户端

新浪财经App:直播上线 博主一对一指导 港股level2行情 翻看机构底牌

  新浪港股讯 2月18日消息 外围市场趋暖,美股连续三日收涨,亚太股市向好。受此影响,今日开盘,港股恒指高开2.56%,后涨幅收窄,截止收盘,港股恒指涨2.32%,报19363.080点。国企指数涨3%,报8166.470点,红筹指数涨3.1%,报3496.030点。

  金沙中国涨5.95%,报27.6港元,真人澳门百家乐,领涨蓝筹。博彩股走强,银河娱乐涨5.8%。

  石油股走强,中国石油涨5.6%,中海油涨5.13%,中国石化涨3.52%。

  内险股走强,中国人寿涨3.64%,中国平安涨4.11%。

  银行股走强,交通银行涨1.28%,工商银行涨1.79%,中国银行涨1.37%,九州娱乐网

  截止收盘,沪港通双向净买入,足球比赛网站,沪股通净买入5,在线赌博网站.29亿,电影下载线上看网站,当日额度剩余124.71亿,余额占额度比为96%,彩票网注册送彩金。港股通净买入3.17亿,当日额度剩余101,足球彩票.83亿,余额占额度比为98%。

  第一上海首席策略员叶尚志认为,在油价以及主要货币趋稳的基础下,环球股市在周内陆续展现出跌后反弹。正如我们早前指出,由于美国加息机会下降,九州娱乐网,导致美元出现回跌,因此,新兴市场可以是相对的受益者,其股市MXEF指数已回升至贴近月内最高点745.45,而货币EMCI指数亦回升至年内最高水平,相信中港股市也可望在本轮反弹行程里受惠。

  我们维持上期的估计判断,港股现时有出现类似去年9到10月期间的反弹运行模式,恒指的几个反弹目标分别是19398/19771/20368。由于是属于弱势反弹类型,在宏观风险降低但未有明显回好之前,资金面需求大的权重指数股,其反弹将会有所限制,而抛售过后的优质中型股,估计将可获得较强的弹性修复。

进入【新浪财经股吧】讨论

真人澳门百家乐 大叔直播吃烤串17万粉丝点赞 秀场经济被指无聊经济

  原标题: 大叔直播吃烤串17万粉丝点赞 秀场经济被指无聊经济

  秀场经济 有聊无聊?

  “还以为秀场里都是美女在直播唱歌跳舞,怀着好奇心点进去,却发现是一个北京老头在吃炸酱面!不可思议!”这几天,张先生一直想不明白,怎么斗鱼TV平台一个吃炸酱面的视频,竟赚来数万次关注量。

  互联网巨头BAT纷纷投资秀场,以直播为主营业务的天鸽互动宣布去年公司毛利高达5.26亿元,暴风科技在发布会上请来数十位长腿女主播为秀场走台。无论你是否觉得“秀”这事有点无聊,秀场经济已经长成经济下行背景中的一枝独秀。

  直播平台到底在播什么会赢得爆棚关注?甘愿付费看直播的人究竟图什么?被许多人冠为“无聊经济”的秀场经济,缘何发展得如此迅速?

  秀场透视

  秀场到底在秀啥?

  本周一晚上,记者下载了一款叫做斗鱼TV的手机软件,在这个号称“有最热门赛事,最搞怪直播,最创意主播”的平台上,目睹了五花八门的直播内容。

  随机打开一个直播间,记者看到一个正以学生宿舍为直播背景的女主播。这名主播脸色白皙,头发棕色,一排齐刘海儿映衬出浓眉大眼。而她的关注量也不少:超5000人次。当时,女孩儿正在边弹吉他边唱一首影视歌曲。歌唱完后,有粉丝留言质疑其歌唱水平,女孩儿对着镜头眨着大眼睛,一脸无辜地说“我知道不在调上啦。”不过,这首歌却让一个粉丝向主播送出了“赞3连击”的虚拟礼物,九卅娱乐吧,主播连忙称谢。接下来,因为粉丝点歌,这名主播又唱了一首网络“神曲”《小鸡哔哔》。歌唱完后,有人评论道“小姑娘挺漂亮的”,主播马上回了一句:“大叔你也挺帅的。”

  在这个直播间看了几分钟,记者又换了个频道,并发现主播不一定都是人们想象中的“美女”,有的男主播人气更火。比如,一名被许多粉丝叫成“大叔”的主播,就有着17万次的关注量。这名穿着普通的中年男士正在室内沙发边一边烧烤,一边喝啤酒,还拿着啤酒罐对准镜头,向粉丝力证自己倒在杯子里的是真酒。在记者观看其直播的20分钟内,该男子共饮下三杯啤酒,还不停打着嗝,回应着留言中的各种调侃。啤酒下肚之时,德克萨斯扑克,正是粉丝疯狂的时候,纷纷向“大叔”送上“100鱼丸”的虚拟礼物。

  随后,九州娱乐网,记者又在该平台随机打开十余个直播间,发现有的主播正在直播上楼回家的过程,暗黑的楼道和一瞬间亮灯的屋子形成晃眼的对比,梭哈游戏平台下载;有的主播正在自顾自地玩电脑,不时发出两句不爽的感叹,偶尔回过神来回两句粉丝留言中的问题,并多次重复着一句“你们(粉丝)有能耐就多看我一眼”的话;还有的IT男正在耐心地教大家如何制作一个酷似苹果手机的真手机。这些直播中,关注量最多的达数十万,最少的也有两三千,电影天堂官网迅雷下载

  追问“粉丝”

  我就是想看看别人的世界

  陌生人吃饭、喝酒、讲冷段子或是有一搭没一搭地聊天,就能让粉丝看“上瘾”吗?近日,本报记者通过多方联络,采访到一名“资深粉”刘林(化名)。

  刘林外表看起来很低调,但家庭十分富裕。记者看到,他开着近百万的私家车,穿着一身名牌,名片上的职位也不低。他对记者调侃道:“好多人说只有‘屌丝’才喜欢看直播平台,你觉得我算吗?”

  吃饭时看,睡觉时听,就连开车时都会戴着耳机听里面的各种“段子”。这就是刘林对直播的痴迷。他自称每个月在上面送给各个主播的虚拟礼物所花费的钱至少上万。“一是看久了就像吃饭一样,成了每天的习惯,看看我不了解的其他人都是怎么生活的。另外,因为不停送出礼物,平台上我的级别也在提高,就觉得舍不得戒掉了。”

  上个月,国家相关部门对斗鱼“直播造人”等涉嫌传播淫秽视频事件中的责任人和责任单位进行了严肃处理。对此,“资深粉”刘林也承认,许多人看直播平台是怀着一点能看到“黄色”内容的心情的。但是,现在各种直播平台的管理都很严格,“比如直播地点不能是卫生间;衣着别说裸露了,稍微性感一点就有人警告,所以正规直播平台上如果出现色情直播应该是个例。”不过,他还告诉记者一个细节,就是在某些网站上,不排除一些素质不高的“粉丝”在平台留言中敲上几句色情内容,自娱自乐。“我可不是冲着那些不良内容看直播的人,我就是想看看别人的世界。”

  主播讲述

  你不知我有多爱

  “你喜欢主播这一行吗?”近日,记者采访了两名暴风秀场的女主播米粉和灰灰。对于这个问题,她们都告诉记者,根本不是迫于生活压力才当上主播,而是怀着试试看的心情从事了这一职业,九卅娱乐网,并且已经“爱上了这一行”。

  轻声轻语、很有礼貌、语速也很快。打开暴风秀场的官网,首个推送视频就是米粉的秀场。这名23岁的姑娘刚从珠海市的一所专科学校毕业不久,已经是平台的优秀女主播了。“一开始我心里面也有抵触,毕竟外界对主播的舆论显得很严厉,等真正当上女主播,重庆时时彩投注,完全颠覆了对这个行业的认知。”米粉喜欢唱歌跳舞,还很会化妆,电影下载网站哪个好,每次直播前都要对着镜子化妆一小时以上。这些自然是她迅速涨粉的重要原因。但她告诉记者,光有这些是不够的,要不断学习,并把粉丝当成交心的朋友。

  “不是有一句话叫做跟陌生人说心事吗?我们的交流不仅限于视频网站,还会互加微信、QQ。我拓宽了圈子,认识了许多愿意互诉心事的朋友,我们给彼此的安慰和建议已经是生活中必不可少的一部分。”她还向记者透露,自己对工资薪酬比较满意,每个月收入不定,但平均下来肯定上万元。她把自己对这一行的热爱展露无遗:“很多主播是想将来转行做点小生意,而我想一直做这一行,只要平台和粉丝不拒绝我。”

  灰灰同样是来自暴风秀场的一名美女主播。主播只是她的一份业余兼职,她还在读大本。“我的同学都知道我做这一行啊。”她告诉记者,最打动她的一个细节是,她的宿舍离大学很远,所以每晚直播完回学校就已经夜里12点多了,而很多粉丝都是等她发了平安回校的消息,才会休息。

  业内点评

  今后的秀场是VR天下

  “秀场娱乐业务源于社交视频化和视频社交化。”暴风科技VP张鹏宇向记者分析道,从2005年9158视频交友上线运营,到2009年门户网站关停,网络秀场迎来第一个发展契机;2012年底YY上市,2014年宽带网络提速降费,这便是网络秀场的第二个发展契机。2015年借力移动互联网的快速发展,网络秀场迎来第三个发展契机,秀场娱乐逐渐转向移动端,一批移动端直播类产品快速崛起。

  张鹏宇预测,预计今年下半年,结合技术产品的创新与突破,网络秀场将迎来第四个发展契机。以智能、VR为核心的网络秀场将在近两年内诞生。目前各大巨头公司均开始涉猎VR相关研发。

  此外,他告诉记者,现在秀场千篇一律,没有很好的创新运作模式,在技术突破和市场大环境下,未来的秀场将不可限量。

  对于这一点,天鸽互动CEO傅政军在接受本报记者采访时也表示,行业的发展瓶颈是同质化。“越来越多的互联网企业进入这一行业,现在已经是巨头扎堆了。可以看到,恶性竞争在不断加剧,导致同质化严重。未来一百多家直播平台中,能生存下来的也就十多家,这十多家一定是有特色或者多元化的公司。”

  专家点评

  秀场经济

  并不无聊

  中国贸促会研究院研究员赵萍表示,秀场经济不能完全称作无聊经济,它的飞速发展是社会环境决定的。

  “秀是很多人的愿望,当越来越多的人想成为社会的焦点,希望被关注、被赞美时,秀场经济就会积聚更多人气。观众呢,也能在这个平台找到共鸣和心灵寄托。”赵萍分析道, 以大叔吃烤串举例,这件事并没什么不寻常之处,正因为这是很多人都喜欢的生活方式,很多人工作累了就想这样做,所以看这个视频的时候会有一种代入感,会进入到场景中。“感到寂寞的人,需要一些陪伴和精神寄托。对于大部分人来说,看直播可以释放压力,既能寻求心理上的温暖,又能通过留言、送礼物找到存在感和共鸣。”

  赵萍还认为,相比于拍照、文字互动等形式,视频直播的形式更生动有效,也更富有多元化。从以上三点看,秀场经济仍有很大发展潜力。(殷呈悦)

进入【新浪财经股吧】讨论

在线赌博网站 2016nba自由市场:热火将留麦克罗伯茨 迈阿密追梦留守热火-NBA资讯_NBA-114NBA直播网

  北京时间8月25日,2016NBA自由市场已经接近尾声,各大球队都为新赛季的到来进行了补强,梭哈游戏平台下载,交易仍在继续。

  今夏自由市场风云突变,德克萨斯扑克,惊天交易不断。杜兰特最终决定伤了雷霆球迷的心,但这是篮球决定,尊重球员个人选择;韦德被迫离开热火,九卅娱乐吧,南海岸队魂回到家乡风城;霍华德在火箭依然不开心,电影天堂官网迅雷下载,魔兽重返东部加盟老鹰;德克依然坚守一座城,诺天王留守达拉斯等,九卅娱乐网

麦克罗伯茨

  据《hoopshype》报道,热火队将留下大前锋约什-麦克罗伯茨,电影下载网站哪个好,热火队中锋哈桑-怀特塞德曾称赞麦克罗伯茨是他们的德雷蒙德-格林。

  麦克罗伯茨现年29岁,他身高2,重庆时时彩投注.08米、体重109公斤。2013-14赛季在黄蜂队,麦克罗伯茨场均能得到8.5分、4,九州娱乐网.8个篮板和4.3次助攻,然后在2014年夏天,他就从热火队得到一份为期四年价值2300万美元的合同。

  可是在来到热火队之后,麦克罗伯茨却遭遇到了伤病的袭击,2014-15赛季他总共只打了17场比赛,而上赛季也才打了42场比赛。上赛季在场均14.2分钟的出场时间里,麦克罗伯茨场均只有3.6分、2.5个篮板和1.9次助攻的表现,投篮命中率为37.2%、三分球命中率为24.5%。

  不过麦克罗伯茨的能力还是得到了认可,据《hoopshype》报道,热火队将留下麦克罗伯茨。值得一提的是,在今年2月21日热火队以114-94大胜奇才队之后,怀特塞德曾这样称赞麦克罗伯茨:“他就是我们的德雷蒙德-格林。”

九州娱乐网 2016年考研初试媖语(二)真题 2016考研 真题 初试_新浪教育_新浪网

  Section I  Use of English

  Directions:

  Read the following text。 Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET。 (10 points)

  Happy people work differently。 They’re more productive, more creative, and willing to take greater risks。 And new research suggests that happiness might influence 1   firms work, too。

  Companies located in place with happier people invest more, according to a recent research paper。 2 , firms in happy places spend more on R&D(research and development)。That’s because happiness is linked to the kind of longer-term thinking   3   for making investment  for the future。

  The researchers wanted to know if the   4    and inclination for risk-taking that come with happiness would   5   the way companies invested。 So they compared U.S。 cities’ average happiness  6  by Gallup polling with the investment activity of publicly traded firms in those areas。

  7  enough, firms’ investment and R&D intensity were correlated with the happiness of the area in which they were 8。 But it is really happiness that’s linked to investment, or could something else about happier cities  9 why firms there spend more on R&D? To find out, the researches controlled for various 10   that might make firms more likely to invest like size, industry , and sales-and-and for indicators that a place was 11  to live in, like growth in wages or population。 They link between happiness and investment generally 12 even after accounting for these things。

  The correlation between happiness and investment was particularly strong for younger firms, which the authors 13 to “less confined decision making process” and the possible presence of younger and less 14 managers who are more likely to be influenced by sentiment。’’ The relationship was 15 stronger in places where happiness was spread more 16。 Firms seem to invest more in places。

  17 this doesn’t prove that happiness causes firms to invest more or to take a longer-term view, the authors believe it at least 18 at that possibility。 It’s not hard to imagine that local culture and sentiment would help 19 how executives think about the future。 It surely seems plausible that happy people would be more forward –thinking and creative and 20 R&D more than the average,” said one researcher。

  1。 [A] why     ,九卅娱乐网;       [B] where     ,德克萨斯扑克;       [C] how            [D] when

  2。 [A] In return        [B] In particular        [C] In contrast        [D] In conclusion

  3。 [A] sufficient        [B] famous            [C] perfect        ,梭哈游戏平台下载;[D] necessary

  4。 [A] individualism    [B] modernism    ,九卅娱乐吧;    [C] optimism        [D] realism

  5。 [A] echo            [B] miss                [C] spoil            [D] change

  6。 [A] imagined        [B] measured            [C] invented        [D] assumed

  7。 [A] sure        [B] odd                [C] unfortunate    [D] often

  8。 [A] advertised        [B] divided            [C] overtaxed        [D] headquartered

  9。 [A] explain            [B] overstate            [C] summarize        [D] emphasize

  10。 [A] stages            [B] factors            [C] levels            [D] methods

  11。 [A] desirable        [B] sociable            [C] reputable        [D] reliable

  12。 [A] resumed        [B] held                [C] emerged        [D] broke

  13。 [A] attribute        [B] assign            [C] transfer        [D] compare

  14。 [A] serious            [B] civilized            [C] ambitious        [D] experienced

  15。 [A] thus              ,九州娱乐网;  [B] instead            [C] also            [D] never

  16。 [A] rapidly            [B] regularly            [C] directly        [D] equally

  17。 [A] After            [B] Until                [C] While        [D] Since

  18。 [A] arrives            [B] jumps            [C] hints            [D] strikes

  19。 [A] shape            [B] rediscover            [C] simplify        [D] share

  20。 [A] pray for      ,电影下载网站哪个好;   [B] lean towards        [C] give away        [D] send act

  Section II ,重庆时时彩投注; Reading Comprehension

  Part A

  Directions:

  Read the following four texts。 Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D。 Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET。 (40 points)

  Text 1

  It’s true that high-school coding classes aren’t essential for learning computer science in college。 Students without experience can catch up after a few introductory courses, said Tom Cortina, the assistant dean at Carnegie Mellon’s School of Computer Science。

  However, Cortina said, early exposure is beneficial。 When younger kids learn computer science, they learn that it’s not just a confusing, endless string of letters and numbers – but a tool to build apps, or create artwork, or test hypotheses。 It’s not as hard for them to transform their thought processes as it is for older students。 Breaking down problems into bite-sized chunks and using code to solve them becomes normal。 Giving more children this training could increase the number of people interested in the field and help fill the jobs gap, Cortina said。

  Students also benefit from learning something about coding before they get to college, where introductory computer-science classes are packed to the brim, which can drive the less-experienced or-determined students away。

  The Flatiron School, where people pay to learn programming, started as one of the many coding bootcamps that’s become popular for adults looking for a career change。 The high-schoolers get the same curriculum, but “we try to gear lessons toward things they’re interested in,” said Victoria Friedman, an instructor。 For instance, one of the apps the students are developing suggests movies based on your mood。

  The students in the Flatiron class probably won’t drop out of high school and build the next Facebook。 Programming languages have a quick turnover, so the “Ruby on Rails” language they learned may not even be relevant by the time they enter the job market。 But the skills they learn – how to think logically through a problem and organize the results – apply to any coding language, said Deborah Seehorn, an education consultant for the state of North Carolina。

  Indeed, the Flatiron students might not go into IT at all。 But creating a future army of coders is not the sole purpose of the classes。 These kids are going to be surrounded by computers-in their pockets ,in their offices, in their homes –for the rest of their lives, The younger they learn how computers think, how to coax the machine into producing what they want –the earlier they learn that they have the power to do that –the better。

  21.Cortina holds that early exposure to computer science makes it easier to _______

  A。 complete future job training

  B。 remodel the way of thinking

  C。 formulate logical hypotheses

  D。 perfect artwork production

  22.In delivering lessons for high – schoolers , Flatiron has considered their________

  A。 experience

  B。 interest

  C。 career prospects

  D。 academic backgrounds

  23.Deborah Seehorn believes that the skills learned at Flatiron will ________

  A 。 help students learn other computer languages

  B 。have to be upgraded when new technologies come

  C 。need improving when students look for jobs

  D。 enable students to make big quick money

  24.According to the last paragraph, Flatiron students are expected to ______

  A。 bring forth innovative computer technologies

  B。 stay longer in the information technology industry

  C。 become better prepared for the digitalized world

  D。 compete with a future army of programmers

  25.The word “coax”(Line4,Para.6) is closest in meaning to ________

  A。 persuade

  B。 frighten

  C。 misguide

  D。 challenge

  Text 2

  Biologists estimate that as many as 2 million lesser prairie chickens—a kind of bird living on stretching grasslands—once lent red to the often grey landscape of the midwestern and southwestern United States。 But just some 22,000 birds remain today, occupying about 16% of the species ‘historic range。

  The crash was a major reason the U.S。 Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS)decided to formally list the bird as threatened 。“The lesser prairie chicken is in a desperate situation ,”said USFWS Director Daniel Ashe。 Some environmentalists, however, were disappointed。 They had pushed the agency to designate the bird as “endangered,” a status that gives federal officials greater regulatory power to crack down on threats 。But Ashe and others argued that the” threatened” tag gave the federal government flexibility to try out new, potentially less confrontational conservations approaches。 In particular, they called for forging closer collaborations with western state governments, which are often uneasy with federal action。 and with the private landowners who control an estimated 95% of the prairie chicken‘s habitat。

  Under the plan, for example, the agency said it would not prosecute landowner or businesses that unintentionally kill, harm, or disturb the bird, as long as they had signed a range—wide management plan to restore prairie chicken habitat。 Negotiated by USFWS and the states, the plan requires individuals and businesses that damage habitat as part of their operations to pay into a fund to replace every acre destroyed with 2 new acres of suitable habitat ,电影天堂官网迅雷下载。The fund will also be used to compensate landowners who set aside habitat , USFWS also set an interim goal of restoring prairie chicken populations to an annual average of 67,000 birds over the next 10 years 。And it gives the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (WAFWA), a coalition of state agencies, the job of monitoring progress。 Overall, the idea is to let “states” remain in the driver ‘s seat for managing the species,” Ashe said。

  Not everyone buys the win-win rhetoric。 Some Congress members are trying to block the plan, and at least a dozen industry groups, four states, and three environmental groups are challenging it in federal court。 Not surprisingly, doesn’t go far enough。 “The federal government is giving responsibility for managing the bird to the same industries that are pushing it to extinction, ” says biologist Jay Lininger。

  26.The major reason for listing the lesser prairie as threatened is____。

  [A]its drastically decreased population

  [B]the underestimate of the grassland acreage

  [C]a desperate appeal from some biologists

  [D]the insistence of private landowners

  27.The “threatened” tag disappointed some environmentalists in that it_____。

  [A]was a give-in to governmental pressure

  [B]would involve fewer agencies in action

  [C]granted less federal regulatory power

  [D]went against conservation policies

  28.It can be learned from Paragraph3 that unintentional harm-doers will not be prosecuted if they_____。

  [A]agree to pay a sum for compensation

  [B]volunteer to set up an equally big habitat

  [C]offer to support the WAFWA monitoring job

  [D]promise to raise funds for USFWS operations

  29.According to Ashe, the leading role in managing the species in______。

  [A]the federal government

  [B]the wildlife agencies

  [C]the landowners

  [D]the states

  30.Jay Lininger would most likely support_______。

  [A]industry groups

  [B]the win-win rhetoric

  [C]environmental groups

  [D]the plan under challenge

  Text 3

  That everyone‘s too busy these days is a clich。 But one specific complaint is made especially mournfully: There’s never any time to read。

  What makes the problem thornier is that the usual time-management techniques don‘t seem sufficient。 The web’s full of articles offering tips on making time to read: “Give up TV” or “Carry a book with you at all times。” But in my experience, using such methods to free up the odd 30 minutes doesn‘t work。 Sit down to read and the flywheel of work-related thoughts keeps spinning-or else you’re so exhausted that a challenging book‘s the last thing you need。 The modern mind, Tim Parks, a novelist and critic, writes, “is overwhelmingly inclined toward communication…It is not simply that one is interrupted; it is that one is actually inclined to interruption。” Deep reading requires not just time, but a special kind of time which can’t be obtained merely by becoming more efficient。

  In fact, “becoming more efficient” is part of the problem。 Thinking of time as a resource to be maximised means you approach it instrumentally, judging any given moment as well spent only in so far as it advances progress toward some goal。 Immersive reading, by contrast, depends on being willing to risk inefficiency, goallessness, even time-wasting。 Try to slot it as a to-do list item and you‘ll manage only goal-focused reading-useful, sometimes, but not the most fulfilling kind。 “The future comes at us like empty bottles along an unstoppable and nearly infinite conveyor belt,” writes Gary Eberle in his book Sacred Time, and “we feel a pressure to fill these different-sized bottles (days, hours, minutes) as they pass, for if they get by without being filled, we will have wasted them。” No mind-set could be worse for losing yourself in a book。

  So what does work? Perhaps surprisingly, scheduling regular times for reading。 You‘d think this might fuel the efficiency mind-set, but in fact, Eberle notes, such ritualistic behaviour helps us “step outside time’s flow” into “soul time。” You could limit distractions by reading only physical books, or on single-purpose e-readers。 “Carry a book with you at all times” can actually work, too-providing you dip in often enough, so that reading becomes the default state from which you temporarily surface to take care of business, before dropping back down。 On a really good day, it no longer feels as if you‘re “making time to read,” but just reading, and making time for everything else。

  31。 The usual time-management techniques don’t work because      。

  [A] what they can offer does not ease the modern mind

  [B] what challenging books demand is repetitive reading

  [C] what people often forget is carrying a book with them

  [D] what deep reading requires cannot be guaranteed

  32。 The “empty bottles” metaphor illustrates that people feel a pressure to      。

  [A] update their to-do lists

  [B] make passing time fulfilling

  [C] carry their plans through

  [D] pursue carefree reading

  33。 Eberle would agree that scheduling regular times for reading helps      。

  [A] encourage the efficiency mind-set

  [B] develop online reading habits

  [C] promote ritualistic reading

  [D] achieve immersive reading

  34。 “Carry a book with you at all times”can work if      。

  [A] reading becomes your primary business of the day

  [B] all the daily business has been promptly dealt with

  [C] you are able to drop back to business after reading

  [D] time can be evenly split for reading and business

  35。 The best title for this text could be      。

  [A] How to Enjoy Easy Reading

  [B] How to Find Time to Read

  [C] How to Set Reading Goals

  [D] How to Read Extensively

  Text 4

  Against a backdrop of drastic changes in economy and population structure, younger Americans are drawing a new 21st-century road map to success, a latest poll has found。

  Across generational lines, Americans continue to prize many of the same traditional milestones of a successful life, including getting married, having children, owning a home, and retiring in their sixties。 But while young and old mostly agree on what constitutes the finish line of a fulfilling life, they offer strikingly different paths for reaching it。

  Young people who are still getting started in life were more likely than older adults to prioritize personal fulfillment in their work, to believe they will advance their careers most by regularly changing jobs, to favor communities with more public services and a faster pace of life, to agree that couples should be financially secure before getting married or having children, and to maintain that children are best served by two parents working outside the home, the survey found。

  From career to community and family, these contrasts suggest that in the aftermath of the searing Great Recession, those just starting out in life are defining priorities and expectations that will increasingly spread through virtually all aspects of American life, from consumer preferences to housing patterns to politics。

  Young and old converge on one key point: Overwhelming majorities of both groups said they believe it is harder for young people today to get started in life than it was for earlier generations。 Whlie younger people are somewhat more optimistic than their elders about the prospects for those starting out today, big majorities in both groups believe those “just getting started in life” face a tougher a good-paying job, starting a family, managing debt, and finding affordable housing。

  Pete Schneider considers the climb tougher today。 Schneider, a 27-yaear-old auto technician from the Chicago suburbs says he struggled to find a job after graduating from college。 Even now that he is working steadily, he said。” I can’t afford to pay ma monthly mortgage payments on my own, so I have to rent rooms out to people to mark that happen。” Looking back, he is struck that his parents could provide a comfortable life for their  children even though neither had completed college when he was young。“I still grew up in an upper middle-class home with parents who didn’t have college degrees,”Schneider said。“I don’t think people are capable of that anymore。 ”

  36。 One cross-generation mark of a successful life is     。

  [A] trying out different lifestyles

  [B] having a family with children

  [C] working beyond retirement age

  [D] setting up a profitable business

  37。 It can be learned from Paragraph 3 that young people tend to     。

  [A] favor a slower life pace

  [B] hold an occupation longer

  [C] attach importance to pre-marital finance

  [D] give priority to childcare outside the home

  38。 The priorities and expectations defined by the young will     。

  [A] become increasingly clear

  [B] focus on materialistic issues

  [C] depend largely on political preferences

  [D] reach almost all aspects of American life

  39。 Both young and old agree that     。

  [A] good-paying jobs are less available

  [B] the old made more life achievements

  [C] housing loans today are easy to obtain

  [D] getting established is harder for the young

  40。 Which of the following is true about Schneider?

  [A] He found a dream job after graduating from college

  [B] His parents believe working steadily is a must for success

  [C] His parents’ good life has little to do with a college degree

  [D] He thinks his job as a technician quite challenging

  Part B

  Directions:

  Read the following text and answer the questions by choosing the most suitable subheading from the list A-G for each numbered paragraphs (41-45)。 There are two extra subheadings which you do not need to use。 Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET。 (10 points)

  A。 Be silly  

  B。 Have fun  

  C。 Ask for help  

  D。 Express your emotions。

  E。 Don’t overthink it  

  F。 Be easily pleased   

  G。 Notice things

  Act Your Shoe Size, Not Your Age。

  (1) As adults, it seems that we’re constantly pursuing happiness, often with mixed results。 Yet children appear to have it down to an art-and for the most part they don’t need self-help books or therapy。 Instead, they look after their wellbeing instinctively and usually more effectively than we do as grownups。 Perhaps it’s time to learn a few lessons from them。

  41___________。

  (2) What does a child do when he’s sad? He cries。 When he’s angry? He shouts。 Scared? Probably a bit of both。 As we grow up, we learn to control our emotions so they are manageable and don’t dictate our behaviours, which is in many ways a good thing。 But too often we take this process too far and end up suppressing emotions, especially negative ones。 That’s about as effective as brushing dirt under a carpet and can even make us ill。 What we feel appropriately and then-again, like children-move on。

  42__________。

  A couple of Christmases ago, my youngest stepdaughter, who was 9 years old at the time, got a Superman T-shirt for Christmas。 It cost less than a fiver but she was overjoyed, and couldn’t bigger house or better car will be the magic silver bullet that will allow us to finally be content, but the reality is these things have little lasting impact on our happiness levels。 Instead, being grateful for small things every day is a much better way to improve wellbeing。

  43__________。

  Have you ever noticed how much children laugh? If we adults could indulge in a bit of silliness and giggling, we would reduce the stress hormones in our bodies, increase good hormones like endorphins, improve blood flow to our hearts and ever have a greater chance of fighting off infection。 All of which would, of course, have a positive effect on our happiness levels。

  44__________。

  The problem with being a grownup is that there’s an awful lot of serious stuff to deal with-work, mortgage payments, figuring out what to cook for dinner。 But as adults we also have the luxury of being able to control our own diaries and it’s important that we schedule in time to enjoy the thing we love。 Those things might be social, sporting, creative or completely random (dancing around the living room, anyone?)-it doesn’t matter, so long as they’re enjoyable, and not likely to have negative side effects, such as drinking too much alcohol or going on a wild spending spree if you’re on a tight budget。

  45__________。

  Having said all of the above, it’s important to add that we shouldn’t try too hard to be happy。 Scientists tell us this can back fire and actually have a negative impact on our wellbeing。 As the Chinese philosopher Chuang Tzu is reported to have said: “Happiness is the absence of striving for happiness。” And in that, once more, we need to look to the example of our children, to whom happiness is not a goal but a natural byproduct of the way they live。

  Section III  Translation

  Directions:

  Translate the following text into Chinese。 Write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET。 (15 points)

  The supermarket is designed to lure customers into spending as much time as possible within its doors。 The reason for this is simple: The longer you stay in the store, the more stuff you’ll see, and the more stuff you see, the more you’ll buy。 And supermarkets contain a lot of stuff。 The average supermarket, according to the Food Marketing Institute, carries some 44,000 different items, and many carry tens of thousands more。 The sheer volume of available choice is enough to send shoppers into a state of information overload。 According to brain-scan experiments, the demands of so much decision-making quickly become too much for us。 After about 40 minutes of shopping, most people stop struggling to be rationally selective, and instead began shopping emotionally—which is the point at which we accumulate the 50 percent of stuff in our cart that we never intended buying。

  Section IV  Writing

  Part A

  47。 Directions:

  Suppose you won a translation contest and your friend, Jack, wrote an email to congratulate you and ask for advice on translation。 Write him a reply to

  1) thank him, and

  2) give you advice

  You should write about 100 on the ANSWER SHEET。

  Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter。 Use Li Ming instead。

  Do not write the address。 (10 points)

  Part B

  48。 Directions:

  Write an essay based on the chart below。 In your writing, you should

  1) interpret the chart, and

  2) give your comments。

  You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET。 (15 points)